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The book reviews the most recent achievements in optical technologies
for XUV and X-ray coherent sources. Particular attention is given to
free-electron-laser facilities, but also to other sources available at
present, such as synchrotrons, high-order laser harmonics and X-ray
lasers. The optical technologies relevant to each type of source are
discussed. In addition, the main technologies used for photon handling
and conditioning, namely multilayer mirrors, adaptive optics, crystals
and gratings are explained.
Experiments using coherent light received during the last decades a
lot of attention for the X-ray regime. Strong efforts were taken for the
realization of almost fully coherent sources, e.g. the free-electron
lasers, both as independent sources in the femtosecond and attosecond
regimes and as seeding sources for free-electron-lasers and X-ray gas
lasers. In parallel to the development of sources, optical technologies
for photon handling and conditioning of such coherent and intense X-ray
beams advanced. New problems were faced for the realization of optical
components of beamlines demanding to manage coherent X-ray photons, e.g.
the preservation of coherence and time structure of ultra short pulses.